FAQs about Natural Colors for Food
What are natural food colors?
Naturally occurring colorants are those that are obtained by physical or chemical extraction from food (such as plants) or other natural materials (minerals). They are in great demand for applications in which artificial colors are not allowed (eg, the meat industry).
Types of natural food colours?
In the world it is possible to obtain hundreds of natural colorants that can add more than color to the food where it is to be applied. Among the most famous are:
1. Spirulina: It is widely used in sports drinks and is made from a blue-green algae. In addition to color, it delivers protein to the food where it will be used.
2. Turmeric: In addition to its anti-inflammatory properties, it provides a spectacular yellow color.
3. Paprika: Provides antioxidants and is used for its red hue.
What is natural caramel color made of?
This natural additive is generally created from corn syrup, using catalysts to produce four kinds of candies that are used depending on the type of industry. In this way it is used for drinks, beers and spirits. This colorant does not affect the flavor profile of the product if used in low concentrations.
Is beta carotene a natural color?
Yes, this pigment comes from carotenoids, which are extracted from different plant sources such as the fruits of the palm oil tree, carrots and different algae. This color is commonly used in margarines, cheeses, ice creams, soups, sauces, among others.
How many caramel colors are there?
At the moment, four different kinds of caramel are registered, which differ according to the reagent used in its manufacture and its implementation:
1. Caustic Caramel (E150a): Used in Whiskey, Rum and toasted or integral cookies.
2. Sulphite Caustic Caramel (E150b): It is commonly used in Cognac, Sherry, Whiskey cream, Syrups and vinegars.
3. Ammonia Caramel (E150c): It is used in industry for beers, energy drinks, cereals, sauces, confectionery and pastries.
4. Sulphite Ammonia Caramel (E150d): Its greatest recognition is in being part of the ingredients of Coca-Cola. In addition, it is used in sauces, vinegars, mustards, mayonnaise, wafers, cereals, among others.